Gandan-Tegchilen Monastery

Gandan-Tegchilen monastery, formerly known as Gandan monastery, is a Tibetan style monastery in the Mongolian capital of UB that has been restored and revitalized since 1990. Tibetan name translates to the “Great Palace of Complete Joy”. It currently has over 400 monks in residence. It features a 26.5 meter high statue of Migjid Janraisig, a Buddhist bodhisattva also known as Avalokitesvara. It came under state protection in 1994. The monastery was established in 1835 by the 5th Jebt-sundamba then Mongolia’s highest reincarnated lama.

Sukhbaatar square

This square has particular historical significance, because it was here, in 1924, that Sukhbaatar stood and proclaimed the victory of the Revolution for Independence, marking finally the over through of Mongolia’s external and internal enemies. The monument to Sukhbaatar, therefore occupies pride of place in the center of the Square, and all major festivals and events have taken place here since that date. In 1924, a year after the premature death of Sukhbaatar by pneumonia the first National Congress adopted the first Constitutional liquidated the monarchy, proclaimed Mongolia as a republic and the square renamed as Sukhbaatar Square.

Bogd Khaan Palace museum

In 1911, at the time of the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China, the independence of Outer Mongolia was proclaimed. The monarch of the first independent Mongolian state was the eighth Javzandamba Khutagt, Bogd Khan, who lived from1869 to 1924. The spiritual leader and theocratic ruler of Mongolia lived close to the Tuul River in the Winter Palace, built between 1893 and 1903. The palace complex consists of seven temples, grouped symmetrically around two courtyards, with exterior painted finishes in bright red, green, blue, white, and gold colors. Designed according to Russian and European traditions, the palace was completed in 1905, and a new ceremonial gate was added during the Bogd Khan’s rule to celebrate Mongolian independence.

Ulan Bator attractions: Zaisan memorial

The Zaisan memorial lies in the foothills to the south of Ulan Bator (i.e. Ulaanbaatar). It was built by the Russians as a monument to Soviet soldiers fallen in World War Two. A tiled mural lies within a huge concrete ring, which is raised about 5 metres above the ground. Zaisan is a popular tourist attraction and one of the highlights of Ulan Bator due to the fantastic views it offers over the city.